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Information and Advice on Bed Bug Treatment

Bed Bug

Fact Sheet: Bed Bugs (cimex lectularius)

The bed bug is a basically nocturnal insect, which feeds on human blood. It is generally found living either in or close to a bed or human sleeping place. Thoroughness is essential to a successful bed bug eradication campaign and  housekeeping plays a major role.  
 
First, areas of infestation must be identified. Bedding should be stripped and sheets, pillows and mattress thoroughly checked for live insects and eggs (opaque and pearly white, 1mm x 0.5mm), and for the telltale blood spots that mark their presence. Check every crack and crevice, in particular the back of the headboard, the joints where legs and frame sections are attached, the seams and buttons of the mattress, plus skirting boards, wallpaper joints and any furniture near the bed.  
 
Ideally, treatment should be done in the late afternoon if the bedroom can be left unoccupied overnight, or early in the morning if that is not possible, as long as the room is left vacant during the day to allow the treatment to take effect.
 
When commencing treatment, strip and launder all bedding – and anything stored under or close to the bed – using the hottest wash cycle acceptable for the fabric. Spray the complete mattress lightly with Protector C (natural but highly effective insecticide), with more spray where evidence of activity exists. Dismantle the bed and any affected furniture and spray all thoroughly. Lightly spray wall and floor surfaces around the bed. With the bed still dismantled, activate one mini fumer smoke generator, taking care to place the device on a heat resistant, non-flammable surface, and leave the room as well sealed as possible for several hours.
 
Insect killing powder should be applied to surfaces that may not be compatible with liquids, such as under seats on sofas, inside electrical items and also under skirting boards and carpets.  
 
Dethlac insecticidal lacquer may be used on wooden bed frames, cracks and crevices and non-porous surfaces. This product kills insects within hours of contact and acts as a resilient, invisible barrier against insects for months.  
 
Re-treat after 15 days. One-off incidental appearances between full treatments can be dealt with using a residual insecticide spray such as Protector Crawling Insect Spray.  

Images from Wikimedia Commons (top to bottom): Uncredited illustration for Charlotte Taylor, "Unwelcome Guests", Harper's magazine, No. CXXVII - December 1860 - Vol. XXII, p. 42; CDC/ Harvard University, Dr. Gary Alpert; Dr. Harold Harlan; Richard Pollack. Photo Credit: Piotr Naskrecki